Basic Carpentry Framing
For a New House

We had to think carefully about the basic carpentry framing for the house. 

Timber wall framing is a great way to start learning how to build a wall. You can do this yourself and not have to hang around for builders who may get delayed.

When you've completed the basic carpentry framing and put on the new roof you are home and dry. You are then able to work undercover.

And what about the external walls that people will see? Our local council takes a very keen interest in the appearance of a new house. Especially when the surrounding houses are all very similar.


We did have a say in what type of brick.

To use the standard London Red bricks would have been very expensive. 

So we used a timber wall using a different brick wall finish.

Near To Finishing. Hapton, Norwich.

Basic Carpentry Framing

As you may know, there are many companies who will make your frames and carry out the wall framing for you. But basic carpentry framing from scratch is an exciting prospect for many self build enthusiasts.

First wall raised on the widward side. Hapton, Norwich.

Is wall framing as simple as it looks? Yes, I think it is because the carpentry skills you need are really basic. And there are many opportunities to improve your skills and stay in control.

I’ll show you just three procedures that will show you how to build a wall successfully.

Chose The Right Timber.

Avoid scratches and splinters by using a good grade timber that is safe to handle. 6” by 2” C.L.S. timber is a good choice because:

  • It is straight, planed and interestingly is prepared with bevelled edges for safe handling.
  • It is very strong with few knots.

Avoid Lifting Heavy Frames.

If you want to learn wall framing this is important.

The method I want to show you avoids the risks of heavy lifting. Each frame is constructed on the decking next to its final position.

Cut and nail the basic timber frame to size according to your approved plans. The face facing upwards will be the outside wall.

Nail external sheathing onto the frame and staple Klober [protective membrane] onto the sheathing.

When you are ready, raise the frame into position with the help of a friend or colleague. Nick - my young apprentice - was really helpful. Prop up the frame vertically; nail it to the anchor plate and into the neighbouring frame. Now construct the next frame. Raise it in the same way, prop up and nail.

Repeat this procedure until the ground floor is complete. . .

Frames Are Put Together On The Floor First Ready For Raising. Hapton, Norwich.

Make sure the first frame is placed on the windward side.

Otherwise the force of the wind can whip the frame away from you. You could have guessed this tip - but many people don’t to their cost. You can probably imagine the consequences especially if you are working on the top floor. It’s messy, dangerous, and could waste a lot of time.

The west wall with the left hand window opening was the first wall erected on the upper floor. This wall gets the worst of the wind. The wall to the left was added next because it helped to steady the first wall. I then continued on the right of the west window.

Make sure you prop up the frames at 90 degrees vertical. Position the frames carefully before raising into position. Nailing a piece of ply to the edge of the floor plate will stop the frame sliding away from you.

On my house - for added security - the ground floor windows openings were not cut out until the window frames were on site and ready to install. The membrane on the ground floor was fixed later after the window openings were cut out.

I hope this explains how to build a wall using timber frame.

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